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Gignac, G. E. & Zajenkowski, M. (2020). The Dunning-Kruger effect is (mostly) a statistical artefact: Valid approaches to testing the hypothesis with individual differences data. Intelligence, 80, [PDF]

Frost, N., Weinborn, M., Gignac, G. E., Rainey-Smith, S. R., Markovic, S., Gordon, N., Sohrabi, H. R., Laws, S. M., Martins, R. N., Peiffer, J. J., Brown, B. M. (2020). A randomized controlled trial of high intensity exercise and executive functioning in cognitively normal older adults. American Journal of Geriatric Psychology.

Hollett, R.C., Gignac, G. E., Milligan, S., & Chang, P. (2020). Explaining lecture attendance behavior via structural equation modeling: Self-determination theory and the theory of planned behavior. Learning and Individual Differences.

Gignac, G. E., Walker, B., Burtenshaw, T., & Fay, N. (2020). On the nonlinear association between intelligence and openness: Not much of an effect beyond an average IQ. Personality and Individual Differences, 166, [PDF]

Gignac, G. E. & Callis, Z. M. V. (2020). The costs of being exceptionally intelligent: Compatibility and interpersonal skill concerns. Intelligence. [PDF]

Ramondo, N. Gignac, G. E., Pestell, C. F., Byrne, S. M. (2020). Clinical hypnosis as an adjunct 
to cognitive behavior therapy: An updated meta-analysis. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis.

Watson, P., Gignac, G. E., Green, S., Pestell, C. Weinborn, M. (2020). A Meta-Analysis of Neuropsychological Predictors of Outcome Following Stroke and Other Non-Traumatic Acquired Brain Injuries in Adults. Neuropsychology Review, 30, 194-223.

English, M. C. W., Gignac, G. E., Visser, T. A. W., & Maybery, M. T. (2020). A comprehensive psychometric analysis of Autism-Spectrum Quotient factor models using two large samples: model recommendations and the influence of divergent traits on total-scale scores. Autism Research, 31(1), 45-60.

Hollett, R., Morgan, H., Chen, N.T.M., Gignac, G.E. (2020). Female characters from 
adult-only video games elicit a sexually objectifying gaze in both men and women. Sex Roles, 83, 29-42.

Gignac, G. E., Bartulovich, A., & Salleo, E. (2019). Maximum effort may not be required for valid intelligence test score interpretations. Intelligence, 75, 73-84. [PDF]

Lewandowsky, S., Cook, J., Fay, N., & Gignac, G. E. (2019). Science by social media: Attitudes towards climate change are mediated by perceived social consensus. Memory and Cognition, 47, 1415-1456. 

Kretzschmar, A., & Gignac, G. E. (2019). At what sample size do latent variable correlations stabilize? Journal of Research in Personality, 80, 17-22. [PDF]

Castalanelli, N., Weinborn, M., Gignac, G. E., Markovic, S., Rainey-Smith, S. R., Sohrabi, H. R., Martins, R. N., Peiffer, J. J., Brown, B. M. (2019). Higher cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with better verbal generativity in community dwelling older adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 12, 1-26.

Gignac, G. E. & Zajenkowski, M. (2019). People tend to overestimate their romantic partner's intelligence even more than their own. Intelligence, 73, 41-51. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E. & Starbuck, C. L. (2019). Exceptional intelligence and easygoingness may hurt your prospects: Threshold effects for rated mate characteristics. British Journal of Psychology, 110, 151-172[PDF]

Zajenkowski, M. & Gignac, G. E. (2018). Why do angry people overestimate their intelligence? Neuroticism as a suppressor of the association between trait-anger and subjectively assessed intelligence. Intelligence, 70, 12-21.

Gignac, G. E. & Wong, K. K. (in press). A psychometric evaluation of the Anagram Persistence Task: More than two anagrams may not be better. Assessment. [PDF]

Brydges, C. R., Gignac, G. E., & Ecker, U. K. H. (2018). Working memory capacity predicts ongoing reliance on misinformation: A latent variable analysis. Intelligence, 69, 117-122. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E. (2018). Socially desirable responding suppresses the association between self-assessed intelligence and task-based intelligence, 69, 50-58. Intelligence. [PDF]

Rodino, Y. I., Gignac, G. E., Sanders, K. A. (2018). Stress has a direct and indirect effect on eating pathology in infertile women: Avoidant coping style as mediator. Reproductive Biomedicine & Society, 5, 110-118.

Singh, J. A., Gignac, G. E., Brydges, C. R., & Ecker, U. K. H. (2018). Working memory capacity mediates the relationship between removal and fluid intelligence. Journal of Memory and Language, 101, 18-36. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E. (2018). A moderate financial incentive can increase effort, but not intelligence test performance in adult volunteers. British Journal of Psychology. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E., Darbyshire, J., & Ooi, M. (2018). Some people are attracted sexually to intelligence: A psychometric evaluation of sapiosexuality. Intelligence, 66, 98-111. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E., Reynolds, M., & Kovacs, K. (in press). Digit Span subscale scores may be insufficiently reliable for clinical interpretation: Distinguishing between stratified coefficient alpha and omega hierarchical. Assessment. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E., Kovacs, K., & Reynolds, M. (2018). Backward and forward serial recall across modalities: An individual differences perspective. Personality and Individual Differences, 121, 147-151. [PDF]

Mitchell, C.A.A., Maybery, M.T., Russell-Smith, S.N., Collerton, D., Gignac, G.E., & Waters, F. (2017). The structure and measurement of unusual sensory experiences in different modalities: The Multi-Modality Unusual Sensory Experiences Questionnaire (MUSEQ). Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 1363.

Gignac, G. E. & Bates, T. C. (2017). Brain volume and intelligence: The moderating role of intelligence measurement quality. Intelligence, 64, 18-29. [PDF]

Allanson, F., Pestell, C., Gignac, G. E., Yeo, Y. X., & Weinborn, M. (2017). Neuropsychological predictors of outcome following traumatic brain injury in adults: A meta-analysis. Neuropsychology Review, 27, 187-201.

Gignac, G. E., & Kretzschmar, A. (2017). Evaluating dimensional distinctness with correlated-factor models: Limitations and suggestions. Intelligence, 62, 138-147. [PDF]

Amiruddin, A. Fueggle, S. N., Nguyen, A. T. Gignac, G. E., Clunies-Ross, K. L., & Fox, A. M. (2017). Error monitoring and empathy: Explorations within a neurophysiological context. Psychophysiology, 54(6), 864-873.

Engfors, L., Jeffery, L., Gignac, G. E., Palermo, R. (2017). Individual differences in adaptive norm-based coding and holistic coding are associated yet each contributes uniquely to unfamiliar face recognition ability. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 43(2), 281-293.

Gignac, G. E., & Szodorai, E. (2016). Effect size guidelines for individual differences researchers. Personality and Individual Differences, 102, 74-78. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E., Shankaralingam, M., Walker, K., & Kilpatrick, P. (2016). Short-term memory for faces relates to general intelligence moderately. Intelligence, 57, 96-104. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E. (2016). On the evaluation of competing theories: A reply to van der Maas and Kan. Intelligence, 57, 84-86. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E. (2016). Residual group-level factor associations: Possible negative implications for the mutualism theory of general intelligence. Intelligence, 55, 69-78. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E. (2016). The higher-order model imposes a proportionality constraint: That is why the bifactor model tends to fit better. Intelligence, 55, 57-68. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E. (2015). Raven's is not a pure measure of general intelligence: Implications for g factor theory and the brief measurement of g. Intelligence, 52, 71-79. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E. (2015). Estimating the strength of a general factor: Coefficient omega hierarchical. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 8(3), 434-438. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E., & Weiss, L. G. (2015). Digit Span is (mostly) related linearly to general intelligence: Every extra bit of span counts. Psychological Assessment, 27(4), 1312-1323. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E., & Watkins, M. W. (2015). There may be nothing special about the association between working memory capacity and fluid intelligence. Intelligence, 52, 18-23. [PDF]

Lewandowsky, S., Gignac, G. E., & Oberauer, K. (2015). The robust relationship between conspiracisim and denial of (climate) science. Psychological Science, 26, 667-670. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E. (2015). The magical numbers 7 and 4 are resistant to the Flynn Effect: No evidence for increases in forward or backward recall across 85 years of data. Intelligence, 48, 85-95. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E. (2014). Fluid intelligence shares closer to 60% of its variance with working memory capacity and is a better indicator of general intelligence. Intelligence, 47, 122-133. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E. (2014). On the inappropriateness of using items to calculate total scale score reliability via coefficient alpha for multidimensional scales. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 30(2), 130-139. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E. (2014). Dynamic mutualism versus g factor theory: An empirical test. Intelligence42, 89-97, [PDF]

Gignac, G. E., Karatamoglou, A., Wee, S., & Palacios, G. (2014). Emotional intelligence as a unique predictor of individual differences in humour styles and humour appreciation. Personality and Individual Differences, 56, 34-39. [PDF]

Lewandowsky, S., Gignac, G., E., & Oberauer, K. (2013). The role of conspiracist ideation and worldviews in predicting rejection of science. PLOS ONE, 8(10), e75637.

Gignac, G. E., & Watkins, M. W. (2013). Bifactor modeling and the estimation of model-based reliability in the WAIS-IV. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 48, 639-662. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E. (2013). Modeling the Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding: Evidence in favour of a revised model of socially desirable responding. Journal of Personality Assessment, 95, 645-656.[PDF]

Lewandowsky, S., Oberauer, K., & Gignac, G. E. (2013). NASA faked the moon landing—therefore (climate) science is a hoax: An anatomy of the motivated rejection of science. Psychological Science, 24, 622-633. [PDF]

Lewandowsky, S., Gignac, G. E., & Vaughan, S. (2013). The pivotal role of perceived scientific consensus in acceptance of science. Nature Climate Change, 3, 399-404. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E., Harmer, R. J., Jennings, S., & Palmer, B. R. (2012). EI training and sales performance during a corporate merger. Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, 19, 104-116.

Palmer, B. R., & Gignac, G. E. (2012). The impact of emotionally intelligent leadership on talent retention, discretionary effort and employment brand. Industrial and Commercial Training, 44, 9-18.

Gignac, G. E., & Palmer, B. R. (2011). The Genos employee motivation assessment. Industrial and Commercial Training, 43, 79-87.

Gignac, G. E. & Ekermans, G. (2010). Group differences in EI within a sample of black and white South Africans. Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 639-644.

Gignac, G. E. (2010). On a nomenclature for emotional intelligence research. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 3, 131-135. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E. (2010). Seven-factor model of emotional intelligence as measured by Genos EI: A confirmatory factor analytic investigation based on self- and rater-report data. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 26, 309-316.

Gignac, G. E., Jang, K. L., & Bates, T. C. (2009). Construct redundancy within the Five-Factor Model as measured by the NEO PI-R: Implications for emotional Intelligence and incremental coherence. Psychology Science Quarterly, 51, 76-86.

Gignac, G. E., & Powell, M. (2009). A psychometric evaluation of the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scales: Problems associated with measuring suggestibility as a difference score composite. Personality and Individual Differences, 46, 88-93.

Gignac, G. E. (2009). Partial confirmatory factor analysis: Described and illustrated. Journal of Personality Assessment, 91, 40-47.

Gignac, G. E. (2008). Higher-order models versus direct hierarchical models: g as superordinate or breadth factor? Psychology Science, 50, 21-43. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E. (2007). Working memory and fluid intelligence are both identical to g?! Reanalyses and critical evaluation. Psychology Science, 49, 187-207. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E., Palmer, B., & Stough, C. (2007). A confirmatory factor analytic investigation of the TAS-20: Corroboration of a five-factor model and suggestions for improvement. Journal of Personality Assessment, 89, 247-257.

Miles, K. L., Powell, M. B., Gignac, G. E. (2007). How well does the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale for Children, version 2 predict the recall of false details among children with and without intellectual disabilities? Legal and Criminological Psychology, 12, 217-232.

Gignac, G. E., Bates, T. C., Yang, K. (2007). Implications relevant to CFA model misfit, reliability, and the Five Factor Model as measured by the NEO-FFI. Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 1051-1062.

Gignac, G. E. (2007). Multi-factor modeling in individual differences research: Some recommendations and suggestions. Personality and Individual Differences, 42, 37-48. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E., & Powell, M. B. (2006). A direct examination of the nonlinear (quadratic) relationship between intelligence and suggestibility in children. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 20, 689-696.

Gignac, G. E., Palmer, B., Bates, T., & Stough, C. (2006). Differences in confirmatory factor analysis model close-fit index estimates obtained from AMOS 4.0 and AMOS 5.0 via full information maximum likelihood-no imputation: Corrections and extension to Palmer et al. (2003). Australian Journal of Psychology, 58, 144-150.

Gignac, G. E. (2006). The WAIS-III as a nested factors model: A useful alternative to the more conventional oblique and higher-order models. Journal of Individual Differences, 27, 73-86.

Gignac, G. E. (2006). Self-reported emotional intelligence and life satisfaction:Testing incremental predictive validity hypotheses via structural equation modeling (SEM) in a small sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 40, 1569-1577.

Gignac, G. E. (2006). Evaluating subtest ‘g’ saturation levels via the Single Trait-Correlated Uniqueness (STCU) SEM approach: Evidence in favour of crystallized subtests as the best indicators of ‘g’. Intelligence, 34, 29-46.

Gignac, G. E. (2006). A confirmatory examination of the factor structure of the Multidimensional Aptitude Battery (MAB): Contrasting oblique, higher-order, and nested factor models. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 66, 136-145.

Gignac, G. E. (2005). Revisiting the factor structure of the WAIS-R: Insights through nested factor modeling. Assessment, 12, 320-329.

Gignac, G. E., Palmer, B. R., Manocha, R., & Stough, C. (2005). An examination of the factor structure of the Schutte Self-Report Emotional Intelligence (SSREI) scale via confirmatory factor analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 39, 1029-1042.

Gignac, G. E. (2005). Evaluating the MSCEIT V2.0 via CFA: Corrections to Mayer et al. (2003). Emotion, 5, 233-235.

Palmer, B. R., Gignac, G. E., Manocha, R., & Stough, C. (2005). A psychometric evaluation of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test Version 2.0. Intelligence, 33, 285-305.

Gignac, G. E. (2005). Openness to experience, general intelligence and crystallized intelligence: A methodological extension. Intelligence, 33, 161-167.

Gignac, G. E., Stough, C., & Loukomitis, S. (2004). Openness, intelligence, and self-report intelligence. Intelligence, 32, 133-143.

Gignac, G. E., & Vernon, P.A. (2004). Reaction time and the dominant and non-dominant hands: an extension to Hick’s Law. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 733-739.

Palmer, B.R., Gignac, G., Bates, T., & Stough, C. (2003). Examining the structure of the Trait Meta-Mood Scale. Australian Journal of Psychology, 55, 154-158.

Palmer, B. R., Manocha, R., Gignac, G., Stough, C. (2003). Examining the factor structure of the Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory with an Australian general population sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 35, 1191-1210.

Gignac, G. E., & Vernon, P. A. (2003). Digit symbol rotation: A more g-loaded version of the traditional Digit Symbol subtest. Intelligence, 31, 1-8.

Book Chapters

Gignac, G. E. (in press). Conceptualizing and measuring intelligence. In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. Shackelford (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of personality and individual differences. Thousand Oakes, CA: Sage. [PDF]

Palmer, B. R., Stough, C., Harmer, R., & Gignac, G. E. (2009). The Genos Emotional Intelligence Inventory: A measure designed specifically for the workplace. In C. Stough, D. Saklofske, & J. Parker (Ed.), Assessing emotional intelligence: Theory, research & applications (pp. 103-118). New York: Springer.

Gignac, G. E. (2009). Psychometrics and the measurement of emotional intelligence. In C. Stough, D. Saklofske, & J. Parker (Ed.), Assessing emotional intelligence: Theory, research & applications (pp. 9-41). New York: Springer.

Palmer, B.R., Gignac, G. E., Ekermans, G., & Stough, C. (2008). A comprehensive framework for emotional intelligence. In R. Emmerling, M. K. Mandal & V. K. Shanwal (Eds.), Emotional intelligence: Theoretical & cultural perspectives (pp.17-38). New York: Nova Science Publishing.

Gignac, G. E. (2006). Testing jingle-jangle fallacies in a crowded market of over-expansive constructs: The case of emotional intelligence. In C. Stough, D. Saklofske, & K. Hansen (Eds.), Research on emotional intelligence: International symposium 2005 (pp.3-13). Melbourne: Tertiary Press.

Gignac, G.E. & Vernon, P.A. (2003). Biological approaches to the assessment of human intelligence. In C.R. Reynolds & R.W. Kamphaus (Eds.), Handbook of psychological & educational assessment of children (2nd edition) (pp. 325-344). New York: The Guilford Press.

Gignac, G.E., Vernon, P.A., & Wickett, J. C. (2003). Factors influencing the relationship between brain size and intelligence. In H. Nyborg (Ed.), The scientific study of general intelligence: Tribute to Arthur R. Jensen (pp.93-106). Oxford: Pergamon.

Encyclopaedia Entries

Gignac, G.E. (2008). Crystallized intelligence. In N. J. Salkind (Ed.), Encyclopedia of educational psychology. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Technical Manuals

Gignac, G. E. (2010). Genos Emotional Intelligence Inventory: Technical manual (Second Edition). Sydney, NSW: Genos. [PDF]

Gignac, G. E. (2008). Genos Emotional Intelligence Inventory: Technical manual. Sydney, NSW: Genos.